In cities and cities round the world, architects are continuously making an attempt to design and develop buildings which are visually pleasing, vitality environment friendly and lengthy lasting. Their concepts are knowledgeable by an nearly limitless vary of elements, from budgetary and engineering constraints to historic and aesthetic issues.
Perhaps surprisingly, nevertheless, the pure world may also be a direct supply of inspiration.
Anders Nyquist’s re-design of a school in Timrå, Sweden, as an illustration, was inspired by termites.
“It’s a biomimicry idea,” Nyquist, who has been working as an architect since 1962, informed CNBC’s Sustainable Energy.
“The termite nest is a sun collector … When the sun is shining on the tower, the nest, you heat up the whole nest.”
Nyquist additionally defined that termites dug networks of underground canals into their nest, which cooled incoming air. This helped encourage his 1995 design for the Laggarberg School in Sweden.
An air inlet was constructed away from the important physique of the constructing, with the school’s basement appearing as a “supply air canal.”
Above floor, different sustainable options of the school embrace brick partitions that may take in warmth, vegetation which are used to scrub the air, and home windows that present air flow throughout heat climate.
“When the sun is shining on the roof, the air will go slowly up to the chimneys on top of the building, and these chimneys are connected to the ventilation system from the classroom,” Nyquist stated.
“It means that in the winter, when it’s minus 20 (degrees Centigrade, or minus 4 degrees Fahrenheit) … we can heat up the air, up to plus two (degrees Centigrade) … and it means that we are saving energy,” he added. “This is also a part of the cooling system in the summer.”
The school wasn’t the first time Nyquist designed a venture with sustainable ideas in thoughts.
In the 1960s, he began work on a growth close to the Swedish metropolis of Sundsvall.
“We bought 18 hectares of land and planned a village,” he informed CNBC. The focus of the scheme was sustainability, self-sufficiency and the setting. Features embrace the village having its personal water provide in addition to a small-scale waste water therapy scheme.
“You can’t get a change until you have good examples,” Nyquist went on to state. “My little village here is just a good example, and Laggarberg School is also a good example that you can be inspired (by).”
Alessandro Bianciardi is an environmental engineer and co-founder of a start-up referred to as Planet, which focuses on “biologically-inspired design for sustainable innovation.”
Speaking to CNBC, he stated biomimicry might assist us to develop merchandise that had been extra environment friendly.
“Not only products themselves, but the way we produce them and the way, also, we dispose or we reuse or we upcycle them,” he stated.
“We have, for example, smart systems to manage factories which (have) copied algorithms from swarm intelligence, so the same intelligence that is used by ants and bees.”
Bianciardi went on to notice that biomimicry might additionally assist enhance renewable vitality applied sciences, giving the instance of a extra environment friendly wind turbine which emulates the fins of whales.